Installing OpenHAB


The goal for this post is to install openHAB 2.0

What you need

  • A Raspberry Pi with Raspbian installed and ssh access

What is openHAB

There is a fundamental problem with the current state of home automation–each smart device connects to their own cloud and their own smartphone app. Enter openHAB, an open-source home automation hub with dozens of plug-ins. openHAB is written in java so it can run on any computer that has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM). openHAB, at the time of this post, is at version 2.0.

Install the software

apt-get is the package management system for Debian based linux distributions like Raspbian. The first thing we shuold do is update and upgrade the package management system.

sudo apt-get update  #This will take about 30 seconds
sudo apt-get upgrade  #This will take several minutes after a fresh install.  Go get a beer

Install Oracle Java 8

openHAB 2 requires java 8 to be installed. We will install Oracle Java 8 and ensure it is the default java for the system. First though, we have to add the appropriate keys to authenticate the java packages.

# Update keystore
echo "deb xenial main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/webupd8team-java.list
echo "deb-src xenial main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/webupd8team-java.list
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys EEA14886

# Update
sudo apt-get update

# Install
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-set-default

You should see the default java set to 1.8 when you run java -version

pi@raspberrypi:~ $ java -version
java version "1.8.0_121"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_121-b13)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.121-b13, mixed mode)

Install the openHAB repository

We need to add openHAB to our apt-get repository.

wget -qO - '' | sudo apt-key add -
sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https
echo 'deb stable main' | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openhab2.list

Synchronize once more.

sudo apt-get update

Install openHAB

Now we can finally install openHAB with apt-get.

sudo apt-get install openhab2

After the installation there is the following message

### NOT starting on installation, please execute the following statements to configure openHAB to start automatically using systemd
 sudo /bin/systemctl daemon-reload
 sudo /bin/systemctl enable openhab2.service
### You can start openhab2 by executing
 sudo /bin/systemctl start openhab2.service

Running the three commands will ensure that if power is lost the openHAB service will restart, and will also start openHAB. Going to http://raspberrypi:8080 (or the hostname/IP of your Pi) in a browser should load the following page:

We have lift off!

Go ahead and click Standard. You should now see:

You should see three different choices for UI

Install add-ons

To avoid having to install all of the add-ons manually you can install them all at once now.

sudo apt-get install openhab2-addons

Congratulations, you’ve installed openHAB 2.0!